4. What is, may partake of something; but sheer being can partake of nothing. For that which partakes, is potentiality: but being is actuality. But God is sheer being, as has been proved (Chap. XXII) : He is not then good by participation, but essentially so.*
5. Every simple being has its existence and what it is, in one:* if the two were different, simplicity would be gone. But God is absolute simplicity, as has been shown (Chap. XVIII): therefore the very goodness that is in Him is no other than His own very self.
The same reasoning shows that no other good thing is its own goodness: wherefore it is said: None is good but God alone (Mark x, 18; Luke xviii, 19).
1.36 : That the Propositions which our Understanding forms of God are not void of Meaning
1.39 : That in God there can be no Evil