Of God and His Creatures

The proof referred to rests principally on this, that the Creator works not upon any pre-existent material. But this and the other arguments of Chap. XXII do not touch the idealist and pantheist position, that the Supreme Mind thinks in necessary grooves or forms; that what theologians call 'creatures' are but the necessary thoughts of God; and that nothing is really possible but what thus actually comes to be. This position is taken account of more in Chap. XXVI. It may be also met thus. We may lay down a psychological proof of the freedom of the human will; and thence argue that a perfection so conspicuous in the human mind cannot be denied to the Supreme Mind. -- see Free-will in God and Man in Oxford and Cambridge Conferences, 1900, 1901, pp. 142 sq. (Sands and Co., London).

Of God and His Creatures: 2.23