Of God and His Creatures

All graces are given gratuitously; but some graces constitute the recipient in the state of grace, as sanctifying, or habitual grace: or help him in or towards the state of grace, as actual grace: these are called gratia gratum faciens. They go to sanctify the recipient. Other graces are not given for the recipient, but for the sake of others, and do not of themselves make for the sanctification of him who has them. Such graces, called gratia gratis data, include the miraculous powers discussed in this chapter, and in 1 Cor. xii, xiv.

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