A Ten-Step Strategic Planning Process
The task force reviewed a series of strategic planning process documents
and selected a ten-step process presented by John M. Bryson in his publication
planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening
and Sustaining Organizational Achievement.
John M. Bryson, Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit
Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational
Achievement, rev. ed. (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995), 21-44.
Bryson states that the ten steps "should lead to action, results and
The numbers are links to the purpose of and approaches to the step.
The linked words are definitions and evaluation criteria.
1. Initiate and agree upon a strategic planning
2. Identify organizational mandates.
3. Clarify organizational
4. Assess the organization's external and internal
environments to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
5. Identify the
issues facing the organization.
to manage these issues.
7. Review and adopt the strategic plan or plans.
8. Establish an effective organizational vision.
9. Develop an effective implementation process.
10. Reassess strategies and the strategic planning