are eight main Hawaiian islands: Ni’ihau, Kaua’i, O’ahu,
Moloka’i, Lana’i, Maui, Kaho`olawe, and Hawai’i.
2 The island Ni’ihau is privately
owned by the Robinson family and it is the only island where the
primary language spoken is Hawaiian.
3 After the beginning of World War II,
the island of Kaho’olawe was used by the military to conduct
live ammunition testing. The military is no longer using the island
and various groups are involved in the removal of the ordinance,
some of which is still live.
4 Hawai’i does not observe Daylight
5 From east to west, Hawai’i is
the widest state in the United States.
6 Hawai’i is the only state in the
United States that grows coffee.
7 The state motto is “Ua mau ke
ea o ka aina i ka pono,” which means “The life of
the land is perpetuated in righteousness.”
8 The islands were formed by volcanoes
which were created when the tectonic plate moved over a hot spot.
One of the volcanoes on the Big Island, Kilaue`a, is the longest
erupting volcano in the world having continuously flown for nearly
30 years. Currently, there is a valcano off the south eastern
coast of the Big Island that will surface to create another island
in a few centuries. The name of this new island is "Lo`ihi."
9 The state fish is the humuhumunukunukuapua’a,
which is not nearly as large as its name.
10 The Hawaiian islands are the projecting
tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.
11 The earliest written account of surfing
tells of Hawaiians surfing on wooden planks. Surfing was an integral
part of the society, religion, and myth of Hawai’i.
12 Hawai’i is the most isolated
population center on earth.
13 Kamehameha Day, on June 11th, celebrates
the great Ali’i (king) who united the eight Hawaiian islands
under one rule.
14 There are no ethnic majorities in Hawai’i,
only minorities. Hawai’i is a cultural melting pot, with
many different ethnicities, including Hawaiian, Filipino, Chinese,
Japanese, Portuguese, and Caucasians.
Hawai’i is the endangered species capital of the world,
and also has the highest concentration of endemic species.
The primary language in Hawai`i is English. The active currency
is the US Dollar. Utilities include running water and electricity
on all major islands. The main mode of transportation is the contemporary