THEO/MI 83-403

Michael S. Driscoll

University of Notre Dame

Office: Malloy 244
tel. 574/631-7152


Course Description: The purpose of this seminar is to examine the various sacramental rites in the Middle Ages, especially the Eucharistic liturgy, and to attempt to reconstruct them within the context of liturgical enactment, architectural space, artistic and musical decoration, etc. The seminar must necessarily deal with liturgical texts, but this is only a first step for understanding the broader dimensions of the liturgy. Architectural, artistic and musical components will be taken into consideration. Numerous commentaries on the liturgy are also an important source for garnering the medieval understanding of the liturgy, especially in its allegorical interpretation. A tangential but key element for the understanding is the devotional and spiritual practices that grew up alongside the official liturgy. Therefore, some attention will be given to these dimensions, including liturgical drama.

Course Requirements:

1. Attendance/Participation - Given the seminar nature of the course, attendance and participation are mandatory. Absences must be explained in advance.

2. Weekly Reading/Projects - Each week individuals will present on topics scheduled in advance. See the list of Topics for Each Session.

3. Semester Project - A lengthy term paper will be due at the end of the semester. This project will be presented to the class during one of the last two sessions. See the list of suggested Semester Projects.
Books for required purchase:

E. Palazzo. A History of Liturgical Books: From the Beginning to the Thirteenth Century.  Collegeville: Pueblo, 1993.

C. Vogel. Medieval Liturgy: An Introduction to the Sources. Translated and revised by W. G. Storey and N.K Rasmussen. Washington, D.C.: Pastoral Press, 1986.

G. Wainwright  & K. Westerfield Tucker, eds., The Oxford History of Christian Worship (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).



L. Larson-Miller, ed, Medieval Liturgy: A Book of Essays. New York & London: Garland, 1997.

R. W. Pfaff. Medieval Latin Liturgy: A Select Bibliography.Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982.

J. Jungmann. The Mass of the Roman Rite: Its Origins and Development.Tr. by F.A. Brunner.. 2 vols. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1986.

J. Harper. The Forms and Orders of Western Liturgy from the Tenth to the Eighteenth Century: A Historical Introduction and Guide for Students and Musicians. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.

H.-W Goetz.  Life in the Middle Ages: From the Seventh to the Thirteenth Century. Notre Dame: UNDP, 1993.

J. Leclercq. The Love of Learning and the Desire for God. New York: Fordham, 1985 (1961, 1st ed.).

J. Le Goff, ed. The Medieval World. London: Collins & Brown, 1990 (1987, 1st ed.).


C. DuCange. Glossarium ad scriptores mediae et infimae latinitatis, 10 vols. revised by D.P. Carpentier, et. al. Niort, 1883-1887; reprint PARIS, 1938; GRASZ, 1945.

A. Blaise. Dictionnaire latin-française des auteurs chrétiens. Turnout: Brepols, 1954.

J. F. Niermeyer. Mediae Latinitatis lexicon minus. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1976.

Dictionnaire Encyclopédie de la Moyen Age Chrétienne. (DEMAC) Paris:


A. Hughes. Medieval Manuscripts for Mass and Office: A Guide to their Organization and Terminology. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto, 1982.

Art, Architecture and Music

M. Britt, The Hymns of the Breviary and Missal.  New York: Benzinger, 1928. 1936).

K. J. Conant. Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture 800-1200. New York: Penguin, 1979 reprint with revisions.

J. Connelly. The Hymns of the Latin Liturgy.  Westminster, MD: Newman, 1957.

P. Frankl. Gothic Architecture. New York: Penguin, 1962.

C. Heitz. L'Architecture Religieuse Carolingienne. Paris: Picard, 1980.

R. Hoppin.  Medieval Music. New York: W. W. Norton, 1978.

G. Reese. Music in the Middle Ages. New York: W. W. Norton, 1940.