Views of nature shall be provided in the unit in at least one
space that is accessible to all families and one space that is
accessible to all staff. Other forms of positive distraction shall
be provided for families in infant and family spaces, and for staff
in staff spaces.
The provision of views via windows shall be guided by the
recommendations outlined in LEED (Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design) for Healthcare12; IEQ Credit 8:1 Daylight and
Views, except in cases where the provision of daylight and windows
interferes with the recommendations provided elsewhere in this
Interpretation: Culturally appropriate positive
distractions provide important psychological benefits to staff and
families in the NICU. Looking out a window, viewing psychologically
supportive art, or taking a stroll in a garden may help to reduce
stress or increase productivity. When possible, windows should have
views of nature environments. These environments might consist of
trees, plants, human and animal activity, gardens, and landscapes.
In urban settings, appropriate nature elements might include
planters or water features. When such views are not possible,
artwork with nature images or other nature simulations (e.g., video
and artificial representations) should be provided throughout the
unit. Family and staff lounge spaces are ideal locations for views
of nature and other positive distractions.
Provision should be made for direct access to nature and other
positive distractions within the hospital complex. These nature
environments may consist of outdoor spaces such as gardens or
walking paths or indoor spaces such as greenhouses and atria.
Amenities within the nature environment might include water
features, plant and animal life and solitary and group seating.
Other positive distractions might include fitness centers and access