Each infant space shall contain a minimum of 120 square feet
(11.2 square meters) of clear floor space, excluding handwashing
stations, columns, and aisles (see Glossary). Within this space,
there shall be sufficient furnishing to allow a parent to stay
seated, reclining, or fully recumbent at the bedside. There shall be
an aisle adjacent to each infant space with a minimum width of 4
feet (1.2 meters) in multiple bed rooms. When single infant rooms or
fixed cubicle partitions are utilized in the design, there shall be
an adjacent aisle of not less than 8 feet (2.4 meters) in clear and
unobstructed width to permit passage of equipment and personnel.
Multiple bed rooms shall have a minimum of 8 feet (2.4 meters)
between infant beds. There shall be provision for visual privacy for
each bed, and the design shall support speech privacy at a distance
of 12 feet (3.6 meters).
Interpretation: These numbers are minimums and
often need to be increased to reflect the complexity of care
rendered, bedside space needed for parenting and family involvement
in care, and privacy for families (see Standard 6).
The width of aisles in multiple bed rooms should allow for easy
movement of all equipment that might be brought to the infant's
bedside, as well as easy access for a maternal bed. The width of the
corridors or aisles outside single infant rooms or infant spaces
designed with permanent cubicle partitions should allow for
simultaneous passage of two such items as mandated by state and
federal architectural and fire codes.
The need for privacy for infants and families should be addressed
not only in design of each bed space, but also in the overall unit
design - for example, by minimizing traffic flow past each bed.