Click on the title at the beginning of a section to see a summary of that topic. Click on a picture to see an enlargement of it.

Horace Mann

Horace Mann

Mary Lyon, Pioneer of Equal Education for Women. This link was prepared by Mount Holyoke College (which was founded by Mary Lyon).

The Catholic Controversy

Anti-Catholic bias in a textbook

Archbishop John Hughes of New York

A political cartoon by Thomas Nast

Another Thomas Nast "Nasty" cartoon

A meeting of the Ku Klux Klan (which opposed African Americans, Catholics, and foreign-born Americans)

The McGuffey Readers

Cover from McGuffey's Fourth Reader

A lesson from a McGuffey Reader

Compulsory Attendance

African American Education

Booker T. Washington

W.E.B. DuBois

The Morrill Act of 1862

Justin S. Morrill

A classroom in a "cow college"

The National Education Association (NEA)

The Kalamazoo Case

The Kalamazoo, Michigan, High School

Normal Schools

Discipline in a Common-school Era Classroom

The Development of the Kindergarten