Depositional Landforms

Glacial Drift: material deposited by a glacier.
Two types of drift are Till (unsorted, unstratified debris deposited directly from ice) and Stratified Drift (sorted and stratified debris deposited from glacial meltwater).
Moraines: landforms composed mostly of till that form on or within a glacier, or a re left behind when the glacier melts.
Lateral Moraines: low ridges that form on each side of a glacier largely from rocks falling from valley walls.
Medial Moraine: ridge that forms in the middle of a glacier when two valley glaciers merge and combine lateral moraines.
End Moraines: ridges that form when a glacier achieves equilibrium for a period of time before retreating.  The front edge of the glacier remains stationary while the conveyor belt of ice brings down more material. A glacial advance will destroy an end moraine.
Ground Moraine: the uneven blanket of till between the other moraines.

Stratified Drift Deposits are the most prominent at the end of the glacier. They consist of:
Outwash: sand and gravel washed out of the glacier by running water.
Valley Train: outwash deposited in a valley (common in areas of alpine glaciation).
Outwash Plain: braided meltwater streams deposit sediment over a wide area (common in areas of continental glaciation).
Kettles: depressions in outwash plains formed by the melting of buried blocks of ice.
Kettle Lakes: Kettles now filled with water.
Esker: long, narrow, winding ridge formed by deposition from a stream flowing within or at the base of the ice.
Kame: steep-sided mound formed where meltwater flowed into a depression or hole in the ice.
Eskers and Kames are common features of continental glaciation, but are usually destroyed in alpine settings.
Drumlins: streamlined, elongate hills (400-800 m long, 8-60 m high) that are steeper on one end. The steeper end faces the direction from which the ice advanced. They form swarms near the outer edge of continental glaciers and appear to have been molded from glacial drift by the advancing ice.

Proglacial Lakes
Abundant meltwater may pond on the perimeter of the melting glacier.
Sedimentation in such lakes produces a flat surface, recognizable long after the water has drained away.
In some lakes, the lake drained away in stages and former shorelines are left.
Rivers draining these lakes may carve large valleys, which are later occupied by much smaller rivers = underfit streams (e.g., the Minnesota River occupies a broad valley cut by Glacial River Warren as it drained Glacial Lake Agassiz).
Annual changes in deposition can produced Varved Sequences.