Dust, sand, and other constituents are available for uptake and airborne transport over much of earth's terrestrial surface, but large conceptual gaps exist in our understanding of their transport and feedback, presenting challenges in Earth system modelling. Many of the mechanisms of particle-turbulence interactions are well-understood in flows with limited ranges of spatial and temporal scales (i.e. low Reynolds number situations); however, these mechanisms remain completely unknown for increases in scale ranges (i.e. high Reynolds numbers). This project aims at better understanding particle-turbulence coupling and particles' transport in systems with a large range of length and time scales, with an emphasis on aeolian transport at scale ranges associated with the lower 10-50 meters of the atmospheric boundary layer. We will achieve this through the integration of experiments and simulations. The experimental component of this project will use an atmospheric wind tunnel to recreate conditions relevant to the atmospheric surface layer. The measurement of the particles' motions and the air flow will gain insight into particle-turbulence interactions in realistic turbulent conditions. The numerical component will consist of extending direct numerical simulations (DNS) of particle-laden flow to high Reynolds numbers to provide high-resolution insight into the physical interactions between suspended dust and turbulent flow. Then, we will use DNS with wind tunnel experiments to validate the particle-laden large eddy simulations (LES) model. In this study, we will lay a foundation for a mechanistic understanding of how particles disperse in multiscale turbulent structures in the near-surface turbulent environment.
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