Gábor Székelyhidi
Notre Dame Professor
Department of Mathematics
156A Hurley
Notre Dame, IN 46556
email : gszekely at nd.edu
I am
interested in geometric analysis and
complex differential geometry. Much of my work is motivated by trying
to find canonical metrics, such as extremal or KählerEinstein
metrics on projective manifolds.
Geometry & Topology RTG
Northwestern, Notre Dame, UIC Complex Geometry Seminar
Mini workshop on complex geometry, April 29, 2017
Center for Mathematics Thematic Program
on Kähler geometry, June 12  30, 2017
Geometric Analysis Seminar,
Past years
MMP and Ricci flow learning seminar
Teaching
Fall 2020
Topics in Differential Geometry 
KählerEinstein metrics.
Previous
teaching
Fall 2019
Math
20550,
office hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 1:302:30pm, or by appointment.
Spring 2019
Basic Complex
Analysis II,
office hours on Mondays 12:30pm, or by appointment.
Homework:
1,
2,
3,
4,
5,
6,
7,
8,
9
Fall 2018
Basic Complex Analysis I,
office hours on Wednesdays 910:30am, or by appointment.
Midterm: Wednesday Oct. 10
Homework:
1,
2,
3,
4,
5,
6,
7,
8,
9
Spring 2017
Basic Complex Analysis II,
office hours on Mondays 12:30pm, or by appointment.
Midterm: Monday 3/6
Homework:
1,
2,
3,
4
Topics in Geometry  Computational
Topology,
office hours on Wednesdays 12:30pm, or by appointment.
Lecture Schedule; Information on
projects.
Homework:
1,
2,
3,
4
Fall 2016
Basic Complex Analysis I,
office hours on Wednesdays 910:30am, or by appointment.
Homework:
1,
2,
3,
4,
5,
6,
7,
8,
9,
10
Midterm  Monday 10/24
Spring 2016
Math
20580
Fall 2015
Math 10250
Spring 2015
Honors Analysis II
Basic Complex Analysis II
Fall 2014
Honors Analysis I
Spring 2014
Symplectic Geometry  MWF
12:501:40, Newland Science Hall 127
Math 20550
Fall 2013
Math 10550
Spring 2013
Honors Analysis II
Linear Algebra
Fall 2012
Honors Analysis I
Spring 2011
Topics in Analysis II  Extremal metrics.
Lecture notes.
Papers, CV

Uniqueness of certain cylindrical tangent cones
[abstract] [pdf]
We show that the cylindrical tangent cone C×R for an areaminimizing
hypersurface is unique, where C is the Simons cone
C_{S}=C(S^{3}×S^{3}). Previously Simon proved a uniqueness result for cylindrical tangent cones that applies to a large class of cones C, however not to the Simons cone. The main new difficulty is that the cylindrical cone C_{S}×R is not integrable, and we need to develop a suitable replacement for Simon's infinite dimensional Lojasiewicz inequality in the setting of tangent cones with nonisolated singularities.
 (with B. Weinkove)
Weak Harnack inequalities for eigenvalues and constant
rank theorems
[abstract] [pdf]
We consider convex solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations which satisfy the structure condition of BianGuan. We prove a weak Harnack inequality for the eigenvalues of the Hessian of these solutions. This can be viewed as a quantitative version of the constant rank theorem.

(with J. Ross)
Twisted KählerEinstein metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
to appear in Pure Appl. Math. Q.
We prove an existence result for twisted KählerEinstein metrics,
assuming an appropriate twisted Kstability condition. An improvement over
earlier results is that certain nonnegative twisting forms are allowed

Uniqueness of some CalabiYau metrics on C^{n}
[abstract] [pdf]
Geom. Funct. Anal. 30 (2020), no. 4, 11521182.
We consider the CalabiYau metrics on C^{n} constructed recently by Yang Li, ConlonRochon, and the author, that have tangent cone C×A_{1} at infinity for the (n−1)dimensional Stenzel cone A_{1}. We show that up to scaling and isometry this CalabiYau metric on C^{n} is unique. We also discuss possible generalizations to other manifolds and tangent cones.

(with G. Liu)
GromovHausdorff limits of Kähler manifolds with
Ricci curvature bounded below, II
[abstract] [pdf]
to appear in Comm. Pure Appl. Math.
We study noncollapsed GromovHausdorff limits of Kähler
manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below. Our main result is
that each tangent cone is homeomorphic to a normal affine
variety. This extends a result of DonaldsonSun, who considered
noncollapsed limits of polarized Kähler manifolds with twosided
Ricci curvature bounds.

(with G. Liu)
GromovHausdorff limits of Kähler manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below
[abstract] [pdf]
A fundamental result of DonaldsonSun states that noncollapsed
GromovHausdorff limits of polarized Kähler manifolds, with
2sided Ricci curvature bounds, are normal projective varieties. We
extend their approach to the setting where only a lower bound for
the Ricci curvature is assumed. More precisely, we show that
noncollapsed GromovHausdorff limits of polarized Kähler
manifolds, with Ricci curvature bounded below, are normal projective
varieties. In addition the metric singularities are precisely given
by a countable union of analytic subvarieties.

(with M. Gursky)
A local existence result for PoincaréEinstein
metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
Adv. Math. 361 (2020), 106912, 50 pp.
Given a closed Riemannian manifold (M,g_{M}) of dimension n
≥ 3, we prove the existence of a conformally compact Einstein
metric g_{+} defined on a collar neighborhood M x (0,1]
whose conformal infinity is [g_{M}].

KählerEinstein metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
Proc. Sympos. Pure
Math., 99., 331361
We survey the theory of KählerEinstein metrics, with particular
focus on the circle of ideas surrounding the YauTianDonaldson
conjecture for Fano manifolds.

Degenerations of C^{n} and CalabiYau metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
Duke Math. J. 168 (2019), no. 14, 26512700
We construct infinitely many complete CalabiYau metrics on
C^{n} for n≥3, with maximal volume growth, and singular
tangent cones at infinity. In addition we construct CalabiYau
metrics in neighborhoods of certain isolated singularities whose
tangent cones have singular cross section, generalizing work of
HeinNaber.

(with R. Dervan)
The KählerRicci flow and optimal degenerations
[abstract] [pdf]
to appear in J. Differential Geom.
We prove that on Fano manifolds, the KählerRicci flow produces a
"most destabilising" special degeneration, with respect to a new
stability notion related to the Hfunctional. This answers questions
of ChenSunWang and He.
We give two applications of this result. Firstly, we give a purely
algebrogeometric formula for the supremum of Perelman's
μfunctional on Fano manifolds, resolving a conjecture of
TianZhangZhangZhu as a special case. Secondly, we use this to
prove that if a Fano manifold admits a KählerRicci soliton,
then the KählerRicci flow converges to it modulo the action of
automorphisms, with any initial metric. This extends work of
TianZhu and TianZhangZhangZhu, where either the manifold was
assumed to admit a KählerEinstein metric, or the initial
metric of the flow was assumed to be invariant under a maximal
compact group of automorphism.

(with R. Seyyedali)
Extremal metrics on blowups along submanifolds
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Differential Geom. 114 (2020), no. 1, 171192
We give conditions under which the blowup of an extremal Kähler
manifold along a submanifold of codimension greater than two admits
an extremal metric. This generalizes work of ArezzoPacardSinger,
who considered blowups in points.

(with T. Collins)
SasakiEinstein metrics and Kstability
[abstract] [pdf]
Geom. Topol. 23 (2019), no. 3, 13391413.
We show that a polarized affine variety admits a Ricci flat Kähler cone metric, if it is Kstable. This generalizes ChenDonaldsonSun's solution of the YauTianDonaldson conjecture to Kähler cones, or equivalently, Sasakian manifolds. As an application we show that the fivesphere admits infinitely many families of SasakiEinstein metrics.

(with B. Weinkove)
On a constant rank theorem for nonlinear elliptic PDEs
[abstract] [pdf]
Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. A, 36 (2016) no. 11,
65236532
We give a new proof of BianGuan's constant rank theorem
for nonlinear elliptic equations. Our approach is to use a linear expression
of the eigenvalues of the Hessian instead of quotients of elementary
symmetric functions.

(with V. Datar)
KählerEinstein metrics along the smooth continuity
method
[abstract] [pdf]
Geom. Funct. Anal. 26 (2016) no. 4, 9751010
We show that if a Fano manifold M is Kstable with respect to special
degenerations equivariant under a compact group of automorphisms, then M
admits a KählerEinstein metric. This is a strengthening of the solution of
the YauTianDonaldson conjecture for Fano manifolds by ChenDonaldsonSun, and
can be used to obtain new examples of KählerEinstein manifolds. We also give
analogous results for twisted KählerEinstein metrics and KählerRicci
solitons.

(with V. Tosatti, B. Weinkove)
Gauduchon metrics with prescribed volume form
[abstract] [pdf]
Acta Math. 219 (2017), no. 1, 181211
We prove that on any compact complex manifold one can find Gauduchon metrics with prescribed volume form. This is equivalent to prescribing the ChernRicci curvature of the metrics, and thus solves a conjecture of Gauduchon from 1984.

Fully nonlinear elliptic equations on compact Hermitian manifolds
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Differential Geom. 109 (2018), no. 2, 337378
We derive a priori estimates for solutions of a general class of fully nonlinear equations on compact Hermitian manifolds. Our method is based on ideas that have been used for different specific equations, such as the complex MongeAmpère, Hessian and inverse Hessian equations. As an application we solve a class of Hessian quotient equations on Kähler manifolds assuming the existence of a suitable subsolution. The method also applies to analogous equations on compact Riemannian manifolds.

(with T. Collins)
Convergence of the Jflow on toric manifolds
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Differential Geom. 107 (2017) no. 1, 4781
We show that on a Kahler manifold whether the Jflow converges or not is independent of the chosen background metric in its Kahler class. On toric manifolds we give a numerical characterization of when the Jflow converges, verifying a conjecture of Lejmi and the second author in this case. We also strengthen existing results on more general inverse sigma_k equations on Kahler manifolds.

Extremal Kähler metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
Proceedings of the ICM, 2014
This paper is a survey of some recent progress on the study of
Calabi's extremal Kähler metrics.
We first discuss the YauTianDonaldson conjecture relating the
existence of extremal metrics to an algebrogeometric stability
notion and we give some example settings where this conjecture has
been established. We then turn to the question of what one expects
when no extremal metric exists.

The partial C^{0}estimate along the continuity
method
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Amer. Math. Soc. 29 (2016), 537560
We prove that the partial C^{0}estimate holds for metrics along Aubin's continuity method for finding KählerEinstein metrics, confirming a special case of a conjecture due to Tian. We use the method developed in recent work of ChenDonaldsonSun on the analogous problem for conical KählerEinstein metrics.

(with M. Lejmi)
The Jflow and stability
[abstract] [pdf]
Adv. Math. 274 (2015), 404431
We study the Jflow from the point of view of an algebrogeometric stability condition. In terms of this we give a lower bound for the natural associated energy functional, and we show that the blowup behavior found by FangLai is reflected by the optimal destabilizer. Finally we prove a general existence result on complex tori.

Blowing up extremal Kähler manifolds II
[abstract] [pdf]
Invent. Math. 200 (2015), no. 3, 925977
This is a continuation of the work of ArezzoPacardSinger and the author on
blowups of extremal Kähler manifolds. We prove the conjecture stated in [32],
and we relate this result to the Kstability of blown up manifolds. As an
application we prove that if a Kähler manifold M of dimension greater than 2
admits a cscK metric, then the blowup of M at a point admits a cscK metric if
and only if it is Kstable, as long as the exceptional divisor is sufficiently
small.

A remark on conical KählerEinstein metrics
[abstract] [pdf]
Math. Res. Lett. 20 (2013) n. 3., 581590
We give some nonexistence results for KählerEinstein metrics with conical singularities along a divisor on Fano manifolds. In particular we show that the maximal possible cone angle is in general smaller than the invariant R(M). We study this discrepancy from the point of view of log Kstability.

Remark on the Calabi flow with bounded curvature
[abstract] [pdf]
Univ. Iagel. Acta Math. 50 (2013), 107115
In this short note we prove that if the curvature tensor is uniformly bounded along the Calabi flow and the Mabuchi energy is proper, then the flow converges to a constant scalar curvature metric.

(with T. Collins)
The twisted KählerRicci flow
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Reine Angew. Math. 716 (2016), 179205
In this paper we study a generalization of the KählerRicci flow, in which the Ricci form is twisted by a closed, nonnegative (1,1)form. We show that when a twisted KählerEinstein metric exists, then this twisted flow converges exponentially. This generalizes a result of Perelman on the convergence of the KählerRicci flow, and it builds on work of TianZhu.

(with T. Collins)
KSemistability for irregular Sasakian manifolds
[abstract] [pdf]
J. Differential Geom. 109 (2018), no. 1, 81109
We introduce a notion of Ksemistability for Sasakian manifolds. This extends to the irregular case the orbifold Ksemistability of RossThomas. Our main result is that a Sasakian manifold with constant scalar curvature is necessarily Ksemistable. As an application, we show how one can recover the volume minimization results of MartelliSparksYau, and the Lichnerowicz obstruction of GauntlettMartelliSparksYau from this point of view.

Filtrations and testconfigurations
[abstract] [pdf]
Math. Ann. 362 (2015), 451484
We introduce a strengthening of Kstability, based on filtrations of the homogeneous coordinate ring. This allows for considering certain limits of families of testconfigurations, which arise naturally in several settings. We make some progress towards proving that if a manifold with no automorphisms admits a cscK metric, then it satisfies this stronger stability notion. Finally we discuss the relation with the birational transformations in the definition of bstability.

(with J. Song and B. Weinkove)
The KählerRicci flow on projective bundles
[abstract] [pdf]
Int. Math. Res. Not. 2013, 243257
We study the behaviour of the KählerRicci flow on
projective bundles. We show that if the initial metric
is in a suitable Kähler class, then the fibers
collapse in finite time and the metrics converge
subsequentially in the GromovHausdorff sense to a
metric on the base.

(with D. McFeron)
On the positive mass theorem for manifolds with corners
[abstract]
[pdf]
Comm. Math. Phys. 313 (2012), 425443
We study the positive mass theorem for certain
nonsmooth metrics following P. Miao's work. Our
approach is to smooth the metric using the Ricci flow.
As well as improving some previous results on the
behaviour of the ADM mass under the Ricci flow, we
extend the analysis of the zero mass case to higher
dimensions.

(with Renjie Feng)
Periodic solutions of Abreu's equation
[abstract]
[pdf]
Math. Res. Lett. 18 (2011) n. 6., 12711279
We solve Abreu's equation with periodic right hand side,
in any dimension. This can be interpreted as prescribing
the scalar curvature of a torus invariant metric on an
Abelian variety.

On blowing up extremal Kähler manifolds
[abstract]
[pdf]
Duke Math. J., 161 (2012) n. 8, 14111453
We show that the blowup of an extremal Kahler manifold
at a relatively stable point in the sense of GIT admits
an extremal metric in Kahler classes that make the
exceptional divisor sufficiently small, extending a
result of ArezzoPacardSinger. We also study the
Kpolystability of these blowups, sharpening a result of
Stoppa in this case. As an application we show that the
blowup of a KahlerEinstein manifold at a point admits a
constant scalar curvature Kahler metric in classes that
make the exceptional divisor small, if it is
Kpolystable with respect to these classes.

(with J. Stoppa)
Relative Kstability of extremal metrics
[abstract]
[pdf]
J. Eur. Math. Soc. 13 (2011) n. 4, 899909
We show that if a polarised manifold admits an extremal
metric then it is Kpolystable relative to a maximal
torus of automorphisms.

(with V. Tosatti)
Regularity of weak solutions of a complex MongeAmpère equation
[abstract]
[pdf]
Analysis & PDE 4 (2011), n. 3, 369378
We prove the smoothness of weak solutions to an elliptic complex MongeAmpère
equation, using the smoothing property of the corresponding parabolic flow.

(with O. Munteanu)
On convergence of the KählerRicci flow
[abstract]
[pdf]
Comm. Anal. Geom. 19 (2011), n. 5, 887904
We study the convergence of the KählerRicci flow on a Fano
manifold under some stability conditions. More precisely we
assume that the first eingenvalue of the $\bar\partial$operator
acting on vector fields is uniformly bounded along the flow, and
in addition the Mabuchi energy decays at most logarithmically.
We then give different situations in which the condition on the
Mabuchi energy holds.

Greatest lower bounds on the Ricci curvature of Fano
manifolds
[abstract]
[pdf]
Compositio Math. 147 (2011), 319331
On a Fano manifold M we study the supremum of the possible t such that
there is a Kähler metric in c_1(M) with Ricci curvature bounded below
by t. This is shown to be the same as the maximum existence time of
Aubin's continuity path for finding KählerEinstein metrics. We show
that on P^2 blown up in one point this supremum is 6/7, and we give
upper bounds for other manifolds.

The KählerRicci flow and Kpolystability
[abstract]
[pdf]
Amer. J. Math. 132 (2010), 10771090
We consider the KählerRicci flow on a Fano manifold. We show that if the
curvature remains uniformly bounded along the flow, the Mabuchi energy is
bounded below, and the manifold is Kpolystable, then the manifold admits a
KählerEinstein metric. The main ingredient is a result that says that a
sufficiently small perturbation of a cscK manifold admits a cscK metric if it is
Kpolystable.

The Calabi functional on a ruled surface
[abstract]
[pdf]
Ann. Sci. Éc. Norm. Supér. 42 (2009), 837856
We study the Calabi functional on a ruled surface over a genus two curve.
For polarisations which do not admit an extremal metric we describe the
behaviour of a minimising sequence splitting the manifold into pieces. We also
show that the Calabi flow starting from a metric with suitable symmetry gives
such a minimising sequence.

Optimal testconfigurations for toric varieties
[abstract]
[pdf]
J. Differential Geom. 80 (2008), 501523
On a Kunstable toric variety we show the existence of an optimal destabilising
convex function. We show that if this is piecewise linear then it gives rise to
a decomposition into semistable pieces analogous to the HarderNarasimhan
filtration of an unstable vector bundle. We also show that if the Calabi flow
exists for all time on a toric variety then it minimises the Calabi functional.
In this case the infimum of the Calabi functional is given by the supremum of
the normalised Futaki invariants over all destabilising testconfigurations, as
predicted by a conjecture of Donaldson.

Extremal metrics and Kstability
[abstract]
[pdf]
Bull. London Math. Soc. 39 (2007), 7684
We propose an algebraic geometric stability criterion for
a polarised variety to admit an extremal Kähler metric. This generalises
conjectures by Yau, Tian and Donaldson which relate to the case of
KählerEinstein and constant scalar curvature metrics.
We give a result in geometric invariant theory
that motivates this conjecture, and an
example computation that supports it.
 (with M. Laczkovich)
Harmonic analysis on discrete Abelian groups
[abstract]
[link]
Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 133 (2005), 15811586
Let G be an Abelian group and let C^G denote
the linear space of all complexvalued functions defined on G equipped
with the product topology. We prove that the following are equivalent.
(i) Every nonzero translation invariant closed subspace of C^G contains
an exponential; that is, a nonzero multiplicative function.
(ii) The torsion free rank of G is less than the continuum.
Book
An
Introduction to Extremal Kähler Metrics,
Graduate Studies in Mathematics, AMS
Thesis
The title of my PhD thesis is
Extremal metrics and
Kstability,
supervised by Simon Donaldson.
[abstract]
[pdf]
In this thesis we study the relationship between the existence of
canonical metrics on a complex manifold and stability in the sense of
geometric invariant theory. We introduce a modification of Kstability
of a polarised variety
which we conjecture to be equivalent to the existence of an extremal
metric in the polarisation class.
A variant for a complete extremal metric on the complement of a
smooth divisor is also given. On toric surfaces we prove a
JordanHölder type theorem for decomposing
semistable surfaces into stable pieces.
On a ruled surface we compute the infimum of the
Calabi functional for the unstable polarisations, exhibiting a
decomposition analogous to the HarderNarasimhan filtration of an
unstable vector bundle.
Links