University of Notre Dame
. .
Kellogg Institute Home .

Venezuela After Hugo Chávez: What's Next?

Panel Discussion with Experts on Venezuela

Douglass Cassel
Professor of Law
Expert on International Human Rights and the Inter-American System

Michael Coppedge
Professor of Political Science
Expert on Quality of Democracy and Venezuelan Politics

Scott Mainwaring
Professor of Political Science
Expert on Democratization and Political Parties in Latin America

Emercio Aponte
Notre Dame LL.M. Student
Associate Professor of Law, University of Zulia in Maracaibo, Venezuela

Moderated by
Paolo Carozza
Professor of Law and Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Expert on Law and Human Development, and Latin American Legal Traditions

Wednesday, March 20 - 5:00pm - Hesburgh Center Auditorium

Douglass CasselDouglass Cassel

Professor of Law, Notre Dame Law School
(JD Harvard University, 1972)
301-A Law School
(574) 631-7895

Geographic Focus: Latin America (El Salvador)

Thematic interests: International human rights, international criminal law and international humanitarian law.

Research Interest: Strengthen the Inter-American system for protection of human rights; ensuring respect for human rights in counterterrorism programs.

Recent publications: “Defending Human Rights in the ‘War’ Against Terror,” in Regent Journal of International Law (forthcoming 2006); “NATO In Kosovo: A Reply to Jurgen Habermas,” in Debating Kosovo: Contending Perspectives on the Left, Danny Postel, ed. (forthcoming 2006); “Equal Labor Rights for Undocumented Migrant Workers,” inAnne Bayefsky, ed., Human Rights and Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Migrant Workers: Essays in Honor of Joan Fitzpatrick and Arthur Helton (2006); “The Expanding Scope and Impact of Reparations Awarded by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights,” in M. Bossuyt, P. Lemmens, K. De Feyter, and S. Parmentier, eds., Out of the Ashes: Reparations for Gross Violations of Human Rights (2006); “NATO In Kosovo: A Reply to Jurgen Habermas,” in Danny Postel, ed., Debating Kosovo: Contending Perspectives on the Left (2005).

Michael CoppedgeMichael Coppedge

Professor of Political Science
(PhD, Yale University, 1988)
Academic Office:
238 Hesburgh Center

Geographic focus: Latin America (Venezuela, Andean countries); cross-regional

Thematic interests: Democratization, quality of democracy; Latin American parties and party systems; Venezuelan politics; Methodology of comparative politics.

Current research: Varieties of Democracy; the conditions that promote stable democracy, especially in Latin America; and the factors that have shaped party systems in eleven Latin American countries, employing both case studies and quantitative analysis.

Selected publications: Democratization and Research Methods (Cambridge University Press, 2012); “Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: A New Approach” (with John Gerring, David Altman, Michael Bernhard, Steven Fish, Allen Hicken, Matthew Kroenig, Staffan I. Lindberg, Kelly Mcmann, Pamela Paxton, Holli A. Semetko, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jeffrey Staton, and Jan Teorell), Perspectives On Politics 9, 2 (June 2011); “Two Persistent Dimensions of Democracy: Contestation and Inclusiveness” (with Angel Alvarez and Claudia Maldonado), Journal of Politics 70:3 (July 2008); “Continuity and Change in Latin American Party Systems,” Taiwan Journal of Democracy 3:2 (December 2007); “Theory Building and Hypothesis Testing: Large- vs. Small-N Research on Democratization,” in Gerardo Munck, ed., Regimes and Democracy in Latin America, Vol. I: Theories and Findings (2007); “Diffusion Is No Illusion: Neighbor Emulation in the Third Wave of Democracy” (with Daniel Brinks), Comparative Political Studies (May 2006); “Explaining Democratic Deterioration in Venezuela Through Nested Inference,” in Frances Hagopian and Scott Mainwaring, eds., The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America (2005); “Soberanía popular versus democracia liberal en Venezuela,” in Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter, eds., Construyendo gobernabilidad democrática (2005); “Latin American Parties: Political Darwinism in the Lost Decade,” in Larry Diamond and Richard Gunther, eds., Political Parties and Democracy (2001); “The Dynamic Diversity of Latin American Party Systems,” Party Politics (October 1998); Strong Parties and Lame Ducks: Presidential Partyarchy and Factionalism in Venezuela (1994). Numerous articles on comparative and Latin American politics in Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, The Journal of Democracy, and Studies in Comparative International Development, among others.

Working Papers: #341 (with Angel Alvarez and Lucas González) Drugs, Civil War, and the Conditional Impact of the Economy on Democracy; #294 Venezuela: Popular Sovereignty versus Liberal Democracy; #268 Venezuela: Conservative Representation Without Conservative Parties; #244 Classification of Latin American Political Parties.

Selected videos: 12/16/2009

Scott P. MainwaringScott P. Mainwaring

Eugene P. and Helen Conley Professor of Political Science
(PhD, Stanford University, 1983)
204 Hesburgh Center
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5677

Geographic focus: Latin America (Brazil, Southern Cone, Andean region)

Thematic interests: Democratic institutions and democratization; political parties; the Catholic Church in Latin America.

Selected publications: The Rise and Fall of Democracies and Dictatorships (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming); coeditor, Democratic Governance in Latin America (2010): coeditor, The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes (2006); coeditor, The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks (2005); coeditor, Christian Democracy in Latin America: Electoral Conflict and Regime Change (2003); Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Case of Brazil (1999); coeditor, Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America (1997); coeditor, Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America (1995); and The Catholic Church and Politics in Brazil, 1916–1985 (1986). Articles have appeared in Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, British Journal of Political Science, and many other journals.

Working Papers: Coauthor, #304: The Nationalization of Parties and Party Systems: An Empirical Measure and an Application to the Americas; coauthor, #301: Level of Development and Democracy: Latin American Exceptionalism, 1945-1996; coauthor #280: Classifying Political Regimes in Latin America, 1945-1999;, coauthor, #278: The Political Recrafting of Social Bases of Party Competition: Chile in the 1990s; #271: Federalism, Constraints on the Central Government, and Economic Reform in Democratic Brazil; #267: Survivability in Latin America.

Emercio Aponte NunezEmercio Aponte Núñez

Notre Dame LL.M. Student
Associate Professor of Constitutional Law
School of Law, University of Zulia in Maracaibo, Venezuela

Mr. Aponte Núñez earned his law degree (cum laude) in 1993 from Santa María University in Caracas, Venezuela. He also holds two doctoral degrees in law, the first in Criminal and International Law and the second in Law of The Sea. In 2011, he obtained the Academic Certificate from the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica. Mr. Aponte Núñez is an Associate Professor of Constitutional Law at School of Law, University of Zulia in Maracaibo, Venezuela and has combined his academic career with his work at a family law firm where he focused on constitutional, business and labor law.



Paolo G. CarozzaPaolo G. Carozza

Professor of Law
Director, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Director, Center for Civil and Human Rights
Affiliated/Concurrent Faculty, Department of Political Science
(JD, Harvard Law School, 1989)
130 Hesburgh Center

Geographic focus: International; Latin America; Western Europe

Thematic interests: Comparative constitutional law; human rights; law and human development; international law; European and Latin American legal traditions

Current research: I am currently writing a book on “Constitutional Justice in Italy in Global Context”; other current research interests revolve around the relationships between law, human rights, and integral human development.

Selected publications:Regional Protection of Human Rights (with Dinah Shelton) (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2012); “The Catholic Church, Human Rights and Democracy: Convergence and Conflict With the Modern State” (with Daniel Philpott) in Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 15, 3 (2012); Esperienza Elementare e Diritto (with Marta Cartabia, Andrea Simoncini, and Lorenza Violini) (Guerini e Associati, 2011); “Esboços históricos de uma tradição latino-americana da ideia de direitos humanos,” in Narciso Leandro Xavier Baez and Douglass Cassel, eds., A Realização e a Proteção Internacional dos Direitos Humanos Fundamentais—Desafios do Século XXI (Editora Unoesc, 2011); “Human Dignity in Constitutional Adjudication” in Tom Ginsburg and Rosalind Dixon, eds., Research Handbook in Comparative Law (Edward Elgar, 2011); “I diritti umani, l'«arte» della democrazia e il «gusto per la libertà locale»,” in Marta Cartabia and Andrea Simoncini, eds., La Sostenibilità Della Democrazia Nel XXI Secolo (Il Mulino, 2009); “Il traffico dei diritti umani nell’età postmoderna,” in Luca Antonini ed., Il Traffico Dei Diritti Insaziabili (Rubbettino Editore, 2007); Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials And Cases On Western Law (with Mary Ann Glendon and Colin B. Picker) (West Publishing, 3rd ed., 2007); “La perspectiva histórica del aporte latinoamericano al concepto de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales,” in Alicia Ely Yamin ed., Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales en America Latina: Del Inventivo a la Herramienta (Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo, 2006); “The Universal Common Good and the Authority of International Law,” Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 28 (2006); ”From Conquest to Constitutions: Retrieving a Latin American Tradition of the Idea of Human Rights,” Human Rights Quarterly 25 (2003); “My Friend is a Stranger”: The Death Penalty and the Global Ius Commune of Human Rights, Texas Law Review 81 (2003); “Subsidiarity as a Structural Principle of International Human Rights Law,” American Journal of International Law 97 (2003).

Recent Videos:




Ford Program

Varieties of Democracy

Latin American/North America Church Concerns

Notre Dame Award

Kellogg Faculty Fellows

Visiting Fellows Program

Faculty Research

Working Groups

Undergraduate Student Programs

Graduate Student Programs

International Development Studies Minor

Latin American Studies Minor

Institute Publications

Working Papers

K-12 Resources

Traveling Trunks

Contact Us



The Kellogg Institute promotes scholarship, learning, and linkages that address issues of critical importance to our world. At the center of our interdisciplinary community’s work are two key themes: democratization and human development. 

Research Projects Outreach Faculty Students About