Numerous undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of disciplines and institutions have participated in the Byzantine St. Stephen's project since it's inception in the summer of 1995.  A summary of the work completed each season, listing of institutions and disciplines involved, and brief biographies for each student are available below.


Summer 1995:
During the first field season, approximately 1,200 skeletal remains were exhumed from repository 6. They were washed, labeled, catalogued and analyzed by Sheridan and Richtsmeier. Originally the study was only to last for the duration of the summer, however, the École Biblique became interested in the research and generously committed storage space for the exhumed remains. They also extended an invitation for a second season of analysis.
 
  • Jennifer Richtsmeier (pictured in repository)

  • Summer 1996:
    During the second field season, Fathers Patrick Cronauer, OSB and Eugene Kaboré, OCE joined the team. An additional 2,000 remains were exhumed and processed this summer. The École agreed to permit a third field season.
    • Patrick Cronauer, OSB 
    • Eugene Kaboré, OCE 
    • Jennifer Richtsmeier
    Pictured (r): Father Patrick Cronauer, OSB studying Byzantine crania.   Pictured (far right): Father Eugene Kaboré, OCE preparing a sample for fluoride analysis.

    1996-97:
    During the academic year, projects based on the Byzantine collection were incorporated into Dr. Sheridan's "Human Osteology" course. They included an analysis of the biomechanics of kneeling, and a survey of childhood stress indicators, with particular emphasis on dental defects (enamel hypoplasias). This work was carried forward by some students as "Directed Research" in the Spring semester. 
    • James Boyle 
    • Erin McCluskey 
    • Cynthia Ryan 
    • Rebeccah Sanders 
    • Anthony Schafer
    Pictured (l-r):. E McCluskey, R Sanders, A Schafer, C Ryan, J Boyle.

    Summer 1997:
    The third summer field season saw an increase in the number of students involved. The remaining bones were exhumed, bringing the size of the collection to over 15,000. Given the wealth of information found in the bones, the size of the collec5tion, the diversity of material culture present, and the growing historical information being gathered for the site, a three year agreement was reached with the École Biblique for storage of the remains. A laboratory for housing the bones, and continued analysis was also established. These arrangements were made possible through the generous financial support of the University of Notre Dame.
    • Richard Bautch 
    • Kelley Coblentz Bautch 
    • Patrick Cronauer, OSB 
    • Sarah Niebuhr 
    • Rebeccah Sanders 
    • Anthony Schafer
    Pictured (l-r): Rebeccah Sanders, Rich Bautch, Kelley Coblentz Bautch, and Tony Schafer in Byzantine tomb.

    1997-98:
    Dr. Susan Sheridan spent the 1997-98 academic year in Jerusalem with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities, the WF Albright Institute for Archaeological Research, and the University of Notre Dame. During that time, a team of interns from several institutions volunteered on the project. A library of historical information was collected, and a large database of biological information amassed.
     
  • John Cheadle 
  • Patrick Cronauer 
  • Alison French 
  • Jill Jones 
  • Angela Kim 
  • Brian Kvasnica 
  • Colin O'Neil 
  • Rebeccah Sanders
  • Pictured (l-r): R Bautch, KCoblentz Bautch, J Cheadle, A French, R Sanders, SG Sheridan, A Kim, C O'Neill at St. George's Monastery in Wadi Kelt, near Jericho.

    Summer 1998:
    Measurement of the bones continued throughout the summer with the same members of the Academic year team. The Bautches returned for the summer as well and began a systematic survey of the literature for comparative osteological collections.
     
    • Richard Bautch 
    • John Cheadle 
    • Kelley Coblentz Bautch 
    • Alison French 
    • Angela Kim 
    • Brian Kvasnica 
    • Colin O'Neil 
    • Rebeccah Sander
    Pictured (l): Kelley Coblentz Bautch and "helper".

    1998-99:
    The data collected during the 1997 academic year was incorporated into Dr. Sheridan's "Human Osteology" course. Ten students utilized raw data for research projects in class. Also, three students began a study of non-metric traits for a joint "Directed Research" project. Graduate students from Theology continued with the project, writing grants to support their research, and establishing an on-line database for the library holdings of the Byzantine Jerusalem project.   One anthropology student received a Fulbright Fellowship to analyze the subadult remains in Jerusalem, and two others volunteered their time as interns in Jerusalem. And, one intern from the 1997-98 academic year presented his research at the American Association of Physical Anthropology Meetings in Columbus, OH.

    Top (l-r):  H Martin, J. Benn, J Ramp, J DeLaruelle, B Berkowitz, W Brennan, L Voiter
     
  • Jada Benn 
  • Benjamin Berkowitz
  • William Brennan 
  • John Cheadle 
  • Kelley Coblentz Bautch 
  • Jocelyn DeLaruelle 
  • Jessica Freese
  • Alison French
  • Angela Kim
  • Katie Kowalski
  • James Kwiatt 
  • Mary Lagos 
  • Heather Martin
  • Elizabeth Moriarty
  • Jeremy Ramp 
  • Rebeccah Sanders 
  • Jamie Ullinger
  • Lauren Voiter


  • Summer 1999:
    Three students from the Fall 1998 "Human Osteology" and "Directed Research in Biological Anthropology" courses traveled to Jerusalem to continue projects begun in class. Three theology graduate students likewise continued working with the project -- two completed an analysis of the material culture found commingled with the human remains and prepared a manuscript for publication, the other began the outline for this website. An archaeology graduate student from the University of Tennessee completed an analysis of the faunal material commingled with the human remains.
     
  • Richard Bautch 
  • William Brennan 
  • Kelley Coblentz Bautch 
  • Alison French 
  • Angela Kim 
  • Justin Lev-Tov 
  • Jeremy Ramp 
  • Rebeccah Sanders 
  • Danielle Steene 
  • Jamie Ullinger

  • Fall 1999:
    Sheridan's "Human Osteology" course conducted research on aspects of pilgrimage, childhood age estimation, diet, and burial customs.  Two groups looked at non-metric traits of the cranium and post-cranium, to be later synthesized with the data on dental non-metric traits.  One group studied dental pathologies such as carious lesions, abcesses, etc in a reconstruction of oral health and dietary practices.  Another group synthesized multiple methods of childhood age estimation to be used on the data collected on the subadult segment of the community.  And, one group surveyed Byzantine burial practices for comparison to the depositional context of the St. Stephen's collection.
  • Marie Cable
  • Kerry DesMaris
  • Megan Glah
  • Dennis Haraszko
  • Elaine Hernandez 
  • Kelly Jordan
  • Nathaniel Marx
  • Amador Minjares
  • Amy Saks
  • Jennifer Turner
  • Katy Vosswinkel
  • Kirstin Yost

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