Professor of Chemical
Laboratory of Advanced Electron
Dept. Chemical and Biomiolecular Eng.
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556
2210 Stinson-Remick Hall
Research Interests |
Education | Current Research Projects| Publications | EE80603
- Combustion of Heterogeneous Systems
- Synthesis of Advanced Nano Materials
- Kinetics of Rapid High-Temperature
Structural Macrokinetics and Materials
Current Research Projects
interests of Professor Mukasyan are in
fundamental studies of mechanisms for rapid
high-temperature heterogeneous reaction and in
developing of novel approaches for materials
fundamental topics are currently under
Combustion in Microgravity
variety of gasless heterogeneous reaction systems
is typically characterized by high temperatures
(2000-3500 K) and heating rates (up to
106K/s). These conditions generate
liquids and gases, which are subject to
gravity-driven flow. The removal of such
gravitational effects is likely to provide
increased control of the reaction front, with a
consequent improvement in control of the process.
Thus on the one hand, microgravity experiments
(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH) lead
to major advances in the understanding of
fundamental aspects of the combustion wave. On
the other hand, the specific features of
microgravity environment allow one to produce
unique combustion products, which cannot be
obtained under terrestrial
Mechanisms of Heterogeneous Reaction Waves
studies we address several important issues
related to mechanisms of rapid high temperature
heterogeneous reactions, both on the macro- and
microscopic levels. They include studies on the
microstructural features of combustion wave
propagation in gasless systems, examined with
time scale ?10-3 s and length scale
1-100 mm. For this purpose we have developed a
novel technique of digital high-speed
microscopic video recording (DHSMVR),
which allows in-situ
observation of rapid processes occurring at the
microscopic level. This technique is applied to
investigate high temperature reaction waves in a
variety of reaction systems. Using this method,
significantly new information about the
microstructure of gasless combustion waves was
obtained, and a new basis was created for
understanding the mechanisms of fast chemical
reactions in heterogeneous media.
industries related projects
Combustion Synthesis (CS) of Advanced Materials
of materials using combustion phenomena is an
advanced approach in powder metallurgy. The
process is characterized by unique conditions
involving high temperatures (up to 3,500 K), and
short reaction times (on order of seconds). As a
result, combustion methods offer several
attractive advantages over conventional
metallurgical processing and alloy development
technologies. The foremost is that solely the
heat of chemical reaction (instead of an external
source) supplies the energy for the synthesis.
Also, simple equipment, rather than
energy-intensive high-temperature furnaces, is
sufficient. Further, an attractive aspect of
combustion process is its ability to produce
materials of hih-purity, since the high
temperatures purge the powders of any volatile
impurities adsorbed or present in the reactants.
Remarkably, the high temperature gradients,
combined with rapid cooling rates in the
combustion wave, may form metastable phases and
unique microstructures not possible by
conventional methods. In addition, this technique
allows the synthesis of new alloy compositions
conveniently, rapidly, and in relatively small
amounts that permit rapid screening of material
composition to enhance properties. Finally, the
combustion method also permits scale-up, so that
commercial quantities can be produced
Currently we work on
developing of two CS-based technologies, i.e.
casting bio-alloys for direct production
of orthopedic implants (special
presentation #3) `and sintering of complex
oxide membranes for solid fuel cell
presentation #4) `.
This problem is
important because in a majority of chemical
engineering processes, the reaction system should
be preheated before it reaches isothermal
conditions or it operates under conditions where
temperature changes with time. Some qualitative
results available in the literature indicate that
temperature-time history of the reactants may
influence the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
Thus, it is critical to know: (i) to what extent
does the behavior of the reaction system depend
on heating rate; (ii) whether one can use
kinetics obtained under isothermal conditions to
describe the reaction occurring essentially
High-Toughness Carbon-Carbon Composites
technology of carbon-carbon brake production
involves several cycles of CVI/CVD processes to
transform initially high porous carbon fiber
substrate to dense materials (>1.7 g/cc). One
of the disadvantages of this approach is a long
manufacturing time (~120 days). Other way to
obtain dense graphite material with the required
friction properties is to sintered carbon
mesophase. It was shown that in general
mesocarbon can be rapidly (1-2 days) sintered
into essentially fully dense materials under
relatively low processing temperature (<1500
C). However the toughness of synthesized
materials is far below critical and thus after
few stops samples usually broke in a brittle
failure mode. The >goal
of the project is, based on fundamental studies
of sintering mechanism and using different
"reinforcement" approaches, to elaborate the
"rapid" technology for
processing of mesocarbon microbeads (MCMB) to
Carbon Nano-Tubes (CNT)
nanotubes currently attract great attention owing
to their unique characteristics, such as high
strength, electrical conductivity, as well as
special functional properties. For example, CNTs
have high potential for use as hydrogen storage
materials in the transportation sector,
electrochemical hydrogen storage in electrodes of
rechargeable batteries and fuel cells and field
emission materials in display technology. Among
other methods for CNT synthesis the floating
catalyst (FC) approach, used in our laboratory,
is most promising, because of its possibility for
continuous production of pure CNTs, simple
equipment, low reaction temperature and thus low
cost. Currently we are working on identifying the
mechanism of CNT synthesis, and more specifically
on the influence of catalytic agent
nature on the microstructure and
properties of the synthesized
Thin Dense Metal Films
grained dense thin metallic films are of great
importance in a variety of scientific and
technological fields including microelectronics,
optical devices, catalysis, chemical and
biological sensors. A number of techniques are
used for synthesis of the films, such as atomic
layer epitaxy, magnetron sputtering, chemical
vapor deposition and electroless plating. The
properties of the films depend significantly on
the microstructure and thickness. However, the
available synthesis techniques, while yielding
different microstructure and thickness, do not
permit a systematic variation of these parameters
in order to optimize film properties. We have
developed a novel approach to overcome this
problem and synthesize thin (~1 mm) fully dense
film with nanoscale grained microstructure. This
technique is an unusual combination of two
different phenomena: electroless plating and
osmosis. Since this unique approach can be used
for synthesis of nanograined thin metal films of
any desired composition, it can be employed in a
variety of applications.
publications for more details regarding above
noted directions (see also full list of publications`):
"Combustion Synthesis of Materials: Introduction to Structural Microkinetics",
Rogachev A. and Mukasyan A., Fiz.-Mat. Lit., Moscow, 2012
Merzhanov A.G and Mukasyan A.S.,Torus Press, Nauka, Moscow, 2007, pp.280.
"Combustion of Heterogeneous Systems: Fundamentals and Applications for Material Synthesis",
edited by Mukasyan A., Martirosyan K. Research Signpost Publisher, 2007, pp.234.
Chapter in Books
"Combustion Synthesis of Silicon Carbide",
in a book: Properties and Applications of Silicon Carbide,
ed. by: Prof. R. Gerhardt, INTECH, Vienna, Austria , 2011, ISBN 978-953-307-356-9, pp.389-409
"Combustion Synthesis of Intermetallic Compounds,"
in a book: Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Materials,
(A. Borisov, L. DeLuca and A. Merzhanov, Eds.), Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002, pp. 1-34 with A. Varma.
"Combustion Synthesis of Advanced Materials”,
in ASM Handbook: Powder Metal Technologies and Applications,
1998, 7, pp..523-540 with A. Varma.
"Combustion of Heterogeneous Nano-Structured Systems",
Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves,
46 (3), 2010 pp. 243-266.
with Alexander S. Rogachev
"Discrete Reaction Waves: Gasless Combustion
of Solid Powder Mixtures",
J. Progress in Combustion and Energy,
2008, 34(3) pp. 377-416
with Alexander S. Rogachev
"Combustion Synthesis and Nanomaterails",
Current Opinion in Solid State and Materails Science,
12, 2008, pp. 44–50
with Singanahally T. Aruna
"Combustion Joining of Refractory Materials",
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis,
2007, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 154–168.
with Jeremiah D. E. White.
"Influence of Gravity on Combustion Synthesis of Advanced Materials"
43(2), 2005, pp. 225-246,
with Arvind Varma and Cheryl Lau.
"Combustion Synthesis of Advanced Materials: Principles and
Advances in Chemical Engineering,
1998, 24, pgs.79-226
with Arvind Varma, Alexander S. Rogachev and Steven Hwang.
Selected Recent Publications
A.Rogachev A,, Vadchenko S., .Mukasyan A., “Self-sustained waves of exothermic dissolution in reactive multilayer nanofoils”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 063119 (2012)
Hannora, A. Mukasyan, A. Mansurov, Z., “ Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite/Si Coating by Mechanical Activation Technique”, Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, Volume 2012, Article Number 390104, 14 pages (2012).
Lin, Ya-C., Ruiz E.M.,, Rateick R.G., McGinn P.J., Mukasyan A.S., “One-step synthesis of a multi-functional anti-oxidation protective layer on the surface of carbon/carbon composites”, Carbon, 50(2) 557-565 (2012).
Kumar, A.Wolf E.E., Mukasyan A.S., “Solution combustion synthesis of metal nanopowders: Copper and copper/nickel alloys”, AIChE J., 57(12) 3473- 3479 (2011).
Kumar, A.Wolf E.E., Mukasyan A.S., “Solution combustion synthesis of metal nanopowders: Nickel—Reaction pathways”, AIChE J., 57(8), 2207-2214 (2011).
Lennon E.M. , Tanzy M.C. , Volpert V.A. , Mukasyan A.S., Bayliss A., “Combustion of reactive solutions impregnated into a cellulose carrier: Modeling of two combustion fronts”, Chem. Eng. Journal, 174 (1) 333-340 (2011).
Mukasyan, A.S., Khina B.B., Reeves R.V.,, Son S.F.,, “Mechanical activation and gasless explosion: Nanostructural aspects”, Chem. Eng. Journal, 174 (2-3) 677-686 (2011).
Kumar, A., Mukasyan A.S. and E. E. Wolf Combustion synthesis of Ni, Fe and Cu multi-component catalysts for hydrogen production from ethanol reforming Applied Catalysis A: General, 401(1-2), 20-28 (2011).
Reeves, R.V., Mukasyan A.S. and Son S.F. “Thermal and Impact Reaction Initiation in Al-Ni Heterogeneous System”, J. Phys. Chem. C,, 114, 35 14772-14780 (2010).
Kumar, A., Mukasyan A.S. and E. E. Wolf, ” Modeling Impregnated layer Combustion Synthesis of Catalysts for Hydrogen Generation from Oxidative Reforming of Methanol”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 49, 21, 11001-11008 (2010).
Ermekova, Z.S., Mansurov, Z.A., Mukasyan A.S., “Influence of Precursor Morphology on the Microstructure of Silicon Carbide Nanopowder produced by Combustion Syntheses”, Ceramics International, 36 (8) 2297-2305 (2010).
Shteinbertg, A.S., Lin, Ya-C., Son, S.F. and Mukasyan A.S., “Kinetics of High Temperature Reaction in Ni-Al System: Influence of Mechanical Activation”, J. Phys. Chem. A , 114, 6111–6116 (2010).
Ermekova, Z.S., Mansurov, Z.A., Mukasyan A.S., “Combustion Synthesis of Silicon Nano- Powders”, International Journal of SHS, 19 (2), 96-103 (2010).
Kumar, A., Mukasyan A.S. and E. E. Wolf “ Impregnated Layer Combustion Synthesis Method for Preparation of Complex Oxide Catalysts for Oxidative Reforming of Methanol” Applied Catalysis A: General, 372(2), 175–183 (2010).
Mukasyan A.S., J. D.E. White, D.Y. Kovalev, N. A. Kochetov, V. I. Ponomarev, S. F. Son, “Dynamics of Phase Transformation During Thermal Explosion in the Al-Ni System: Influence of Mechanical Activation “ Physica B-Condesnsed Matter., 405, 778–784 (2010).
Reeves R., J. D.E. White, E. M. Dufresne, K. Fezzaa, S. F. Son, A. Varma, and A. S. Mukasyan, Microstructural Transformations and Kinetics of High-temperature Heterogeneous Gasless Reactions by High-speed X-ray Phase-Contrast Imaging”, Physical Review B., 80, 224103 (2009).
White J.D.E, Reeves R. V., Son S. F., Mukasyan A.S., ”Thermal Explosion in Al-Ni System: Influence of Mechanical Activation”, J. Phys. Chem., A, 113, 13541–13547 (2009).
White J.D.E, Mukasyan A.S., “Electrically induced liquid infiltration for the synthesis of carbon/carbon-silicon carbide composite”, Ceramics International, 35, 3291–3299 (2009).
Schuyten, S., Dinka, P.,
Mukasyan A.S. and E. Wolf, 2008, "A Novel Combustion Synthesis
Preparation of CuO/ZnO/ZrO2/Pd for Oxidative
Hydrogen Production from Methanol", Catalysis
White, J.D.E. , Simpson
A.H.,Shteinberg A.S. and Mukasyan A.S., 2008,
"Combustion Joining of Refractory
Materials: Carbon-Carbon Composites", J. Mat.
Lan AD, Mukasyan A.S.,"Complex SrRuO3-Pt and LaRuO3-Pt Catalysts for
Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells" 2008, Ind. &
Eng. Chem. Res. 47(23),
Mukasyan, A.S, Dinka, P., "Novel Method for Synthesis of Nano-Materails:
Combustion of Active Impregnated Layer",
2007, J. Adv. Eng.Mater., 9,
Deshpande K., Mukasyan A.S. and
Varma A., 2006,"High-throughput
Evaluation of the Perovskite-based Catalysts for
Direct Methanol Fuel Cells," J. Power
Fan Yue-Ying, Kaufmann, A.,
Mukasyan A.S. and Varma A., 2006, "Single and
Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Produced Using the
Floating Catalyst Method: Synthesis, Purification
Dinka P. and Mukasyan A.,2005, "In
Situ Preparation of the Supported Catalysts by
Solution Combustion Synthesis", J. Phys.
Lan, A. and Mukasyan, A, J.2005,
"Hydrogen Storage Capacity Characterization of
Carbon Nanotubes by Micro-Gravimetrical
Approach", J. Phys. Chem,
synthesis of Nitrides: Mechanistic Studies",2005,
Kharatyan, S.L., Chatilyan, H.A.,
A. S. Mukasyan, D. A. Simonetti and A. Varma,
2005, "Influence of Heating Rate on Kinetics of
Rapid High-Temperature Reactions in Condensed
Heterogeneous Media: Mo-Si System", AIChE
J, 51, `(1)
Deshpande K., Mukasyan A.S. and
Varma A.,2004, "Direct Synthesis of Iron Oxide
Nanopowders by Combustion Approach: Reaction
Mechanism and Properties", Chem.
Mater. 16 (24),
Shafirovich, E Mukasyan, A.
Thiers, L. Varma, A. Legrand, C. Chauveau et I.
Gokalp,2004, "Allumage et Combustion de
Particules d'Aluminium Recouvertes de
C. Norfolk, Mukasyan, A.S. Hayes
D., McGinn P., and Varma A., 2003 "Processing of
Mesocarbon Microbeads to High-Performance
Materials: Part I. Studies Toward the Sintering
Mechanism. Carbon, 42 (1),
B. Li, A.S. Mukasyan, and A.
Varma, 2003, Combustion Synthesis of CoCrMo
(F-75) Implant Alloys: Microstructure and
Mukasyan A. S, Deshpande K., Pranda P., Erii, P.,
2003, Combustion Synthesis of Nanoscale Oxide
Powders: Mechanism, Characterization and
Properties, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp.
Mukasyan A.S. and A. Varma, 2002, "Materials
Synthesis by Reduction-Type Combustion Reaction:
Influence of Gravity, Proceedings
A. Varma, "K.
L. Yeung, R. Souleimanova and A.S. Mukasyan,
2002, Novel Approach for Thin Dense Nanoscale
Grained Metal Films, Ind. & Eng. Chem.
A. Varma, A.,
Li, B. and A. Mukasyan, 2002, Novel Synthesis of
Orthopaedic Implant Materials, J. Adv. Eng."
C. Lau and A. Varma. 2001. Gasless Combustion of
Aluminum Particles Clad by Nickel.
Ni.I. Kidin. and A.S. Mukasyan. 2001. The
Influence of Filtration and Reactant Gas Pressure
on Spin Combustion in Gas-Solid System.
C. Lau, A.S.
Mukasyan, A. Pelekh and A. Varma. 2001.
Combustion Synthesis of NiAl-based Composite:
Effects of Microgravity. J. Mat. Sci.
A. S. Mukasyan,
C. Costello, K.P. Sherlock, D. Lafarga and
A.Varma. 2001. Perovskite Membranes by Aqueous
Combustion Synthesis: Synthesis and
& Purif. Tech.,
Souleimanova, R., A.S. Mukasyan and A. Varma.
2000. Effects of Osmosis on Microstructure of
Pd-Composite Membranes Synthesized by Electroless
Plating Technique. J. Memb.
A.S. Rogachev and A. Varma. 2000. Microstructural
Mechanism of Combustion in Heterogeneous Reaction
Media. Proceed. Combustion
A. Pelekh, A.S.
Mukasyan and A. Varma. 2000, Electrothermography
apparatus for kinetics of rapid high-temperature
reactions", Rev. Sic.
L. Thiers, B.
Leitenberger, A.S. Mukasyan and A. Varma. 2000.
Influence of Preheating Rate on Kinetics of
High-Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions",
A.S. Rogachev and A. Varma. 1999. Mechanism of
Reaction Wave Propagation during Combustion
Synthesis of Advanced Materials. Chem. Eng. Sci.,
A.S. Rogachev and A. Varma. 1999. Microscopic
Mechanisms of Pulsating Combustion in Gasless
A. Varma, A.S.
Rogachev, A.S. Mukasyan and S. Hwang.
1998.Complex Behavior of Self-Propagated Reaction
Waves in Heterogeneous Media. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
Lan, A. and
Mukasyan, A. 2007, "Perovskite-based catalysts
for direct methanol fuel cells', J. Phys. Chem,
AS., P.Epstein and P.Dinka, 2007, "Solution
combustion synthesis of nanomaterials", Proc.
Combustion Institute, 31(2),
Mukasyan A, La Forest M., and Simpson A.,2007,
"Novel apparatus for joining of carbon-carbon
composites", Review of Scientific Instruments,
and Mukasyan A.,2007, "Perovskite Catalysts for
the Auto-reforming of Sulfur Containing Fuels",
J. Power Sources,
and A. S. Mukasyan, A. 2004, Combustion Synthesis
of Advanced Materials: Fundamentals and
Applications, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 21 (2),