ND   JMC : History of Medieval Philosophy / by Maurice De Wulf


262. The First Dominicans at Paris. Peter of Tarantaise. -- The first magistri who occupied the Dominican chairs at Paris taught the older scholasticism, because they were themselves trained in the older system prior to the Albertino-Thomistic innovations, and were not much influenced in their convictions by the latter. Chief among them are ROLAND OF CREMONA, first licentiate of the order; JOHN OF ST. GILES, first titular of the second Dominican chair; HUGH OF SANCTO CARO, who was the second magister actu regens, about 1230; and, more especially, PETER OF TARANTAISE.

Actu regens at Paris in 1259, archbishop of Lyons (1272), of Ostia (1273), and pope under the name of Innocent V., Peter of Tarantaise is the author of several works on Scripture, of commentaries on the Sentences, and of four philosophical treatises: De Unitate Formae, De Materia Coeli, De Aeternitate Mundi, De Intellectu et Voluntate. He emphasizes the practical side of the science of theology, combats the theory of eternal creation, hesitates between the hylemorphic composition of spiritual substances and their simplicity -- the former opinion being planior, facilior, the latter subtilior{1} -- is rather favourable to the theory of the rationes seminales, but advocates a real distinction between the soul and its faculties. He is in the main faithful to the earlier traditions, without, however, joining actively in the opposition movement against Thomism (Art. IV., § 1).

{1} Edit. of St. Bonaventure, t. ii., p. 94. Scholion.

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